Mindful Teachers Interview Our Founder Robyn Hussa
Robyn Hussa sits down with Mindful Teachers to discuss how yoga and mindfulness can increase the quality of life for those struggling with mental disorders and substance abuse.
You’ve taught yoga and meditation to people with addictions and eating disorders. How does this help in their recovery process, and how do you integrate it with other aspects of their treatment program?
Mindfulness is at the root of many evidence-based treatment interventions for individuals struggling with mental health disorders and substance use disorders. For example, CBT, DBT, TF-CBT, etc. all share mindfulness (deep breathing, meditation, gentle movement) as their core. To highlight the mindfulness work separately, then, is assistive for those in recovery in that it helps individuals build the protective factors that mitigate risk for some of their symptoms.
Mindfulness exercises like deep breathing (called pranayama
in yoga), for example, have shown to calm anxiety and depressive disorders, while improving the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems. Other mindfulness activities such as journal writing help an individual to share their feelings and regulate emotion – skills that have been shown to improve resilience and support the recovery process.
When I work in a treatment setting (or in a support group setting for those in recovery), I integrate the mindfulness techniques in practical and engaging ways so the participants have a toolkit of resources to take home and use with them that evening. For example, I will teach them a series of evidence-based breathing or journal writing techniques that they can choose to use when they are having difficulty sleeping late at night. In this way, the work is extremely practical and useful – and something that can engage an entire family into the process of mindful living.
Mindful Teachers — 8 Principles of Trauma Informed Mindfulness
Graciously re-posted from MindfulTeachers.org, this post was written by Mental Fitness Founder, Robyn Hussa Farrell, MFA, E-RYT.
arztsamui for FreeDigitalPhotos.net
These principles are excerpted from an online course for educators who wish to learn how to teach mindfulness in the classroom setting. For details or more information, please feel free to email the author at rfarrell[at]mentalfitnessinc[dot]org.
Because of recent research like The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study, creating a trauma-aware environment is becoming more the norm in the education community. It’s particularly important when teaching yoga and mindfulness, as there are many potential triggers when students are meditating or when they’re engaged in certain physical postures and movements.
Here are eight strategies for safely implementing yoga and mindfulness exercises from a trauma-aware perspective.
- Assume that students are the experts on their own trauma. No matter how much training or expertise you have, the student always knows what they have been through better than anyone. Create opportunities to listen and learn from their wisdom whenever possible.
- Assume that 30%-50% of students (more if you are working in high-needs areas) have experienced Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and/or that they are currently struggling with a mental health disorder such as PTSD, depression, anxiety, or an eating or substance use disorder. In this way, you will take the steps to appropriately assist the children who may be struggling, while simultaneously providing effective instruction for the whole class.
- Research shows that more than 50% of individuals may be under identified or not yet identified for struggling with a mental health disorder. Your work implementing mindfulness and yoga techniques may bring some of these conditions to the surface, so always have a plan in place to safely and discreetly connect the individual to an appropriate level of care.
- Realize that all forms of trauma are valid. We sometimes break down trauma as small “t” or capital “T,” but regardless of the level, assume that the trauma has impacted the student in a very real way – to them.
- Create a safe space for students. Consider developing a survey or other rubric to learn more about your students’ preferences.
- Candles, dim lights, etc. may be triggering. If you are dimming the lights for a mindfulness exercise, check in with the students and ask them if anyone would prefer you leave the lights on. I often have the students put their heads on the desk and raise their hand if they do not want lights off today, etc.
- If you are performing a guided meditation that uses “blue light” or another color, be sure that the color you are using is not triggering for students. (For example, they could associate colored light with police cars or ambulances, or could have had a traumatic experience in a room that was painted a particular color.) Check in with them to get feedback on color preferences.
- Select music that is not triggering. Various different styles of music may assist in putting students at ease. And various styles may be triggering. Consider finding non-religious, non-dogmatic, non-chanting styles of music. Those that are more neutral tend to offer greatest reward among trauma populations. I am happy to share a complete list with you – -just email me!
- For many students struggling with PTSD (and in some cases all students), certain positions or postures may be uncomfortable or triggering. If you are teaching yoga to those struggling with trauma, be mindful of postures such as lying on their backs with knees bent. I like to survey my students prior to teaching so that I learn if there are any positions (that they know about consciously) that could be triggering.
- Fabrics – sometimes soft and warm fabrics are particularly comforting to children who have struggled with trauma. Sometimes they are triggering. Again, the students are the experts, so find ways to check in and learn from them about these things whenever possible.
- Be aware of how certain parts of the body ‘store’ emotions:
- We store grief and loss in our lungs. When we start leading pranayama / breathing exercises, any person may become dizzy, lightheaded or emotionally activated. For this reason, always begin teaching pranayama seated in a chair or close to the floor. For more information, read A Life Worth Breathing by Max Strom.
- We store stress and trauma in the hip and lower back area of our bodies. Similar to 6a. above, we want to be sure to assist in “opening” these areas while being mindful of the potential for heightened emotional experiences.
- Modify, Modify, Modify. Always provide “a way out” and / or modifications so that the student has options (even for simple poses like Corpse/savasana and Child’s pose).
- Consider investigating models like Compassionate Schools and Trauma Sensitive Schools for the latest research and best practices on trauma-informed teaching.
Robyn Hussa Farrell, MFA, is an award-winning New York City theatre producer as well as an E-RYT Certified Yoga Teacher and an accredited Continuing Education Provider through Yoga Alliance. She is the creator of NOURISH Recovery Yoga, and founder and CEO of Mental Fitness, an award-winning nonprofit organization that collaborates with national researchers in developmental psychology, resilience and neuroscience to create and deliver evidence-based arts and mindfulness programs to K-12 schools.